Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and soft tissue that securely hold your teeth in place. The cause is usually poor oral hygiene. It is also a risk factor for heart and lung diseases. Periodontal disease begins as gingivitis, inflaming the gums. The advanced stage of periodontal disease is known as periodontitis and can lead to tooth loss. Caused by the bacteria in plaque, periodontal disease can be prevented by regular brushing, flossing, and visits to the dentist.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms it is important to seek a dental health professional to begin treatment and reduce the risk of tooth loss or oral surgery. The following symptoms may indicate periodontal disease.
Consistent bad breath
Bad taste in your mouth
Change in bite alignment
When caught early, periodontal disease can be reversed. You can restore the health of your gums by brushing and flossing, and seeing your dentist regularly to clean the tartar and plaque buildup that contributes to gum disease.
With periodontitis, your gums begin to pull away from your teeth and the area in between your teeth and gums becomes infected. As a result, oral surgery is sometimes necessary to treat infection and remove plaque and tartar. In less severe cases, a dentist may be able to reach the plaque and tartar that are below the gum line without surgery.
Taking good care of your teeth with a diligent hygiene routine can prevent periodontal disease altogether. If you believe you have periodontal disease and require treatment please contact Gentle Dental Center at (757) 431-1300. You may also request an appointment online. In cases of periodontal disease, the sooner it is diagnosed and treated the better you teeth and gums will feel.